To prevent disease in an emergency situation, keep yourself and your environment clean!

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Portable Hygiene Emergency Kit
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ColdHotWithout shelter, a person can die from exposure in three to four hours.  The purpose of sheltering is to help our bodies maintain a normal body temperature of about 98.6°.  The human body uses the hypothalamus to internally regulate temperatures by controlling the constriction and dilation of blood vessels, sweating, and shivering – but it can only do so much to counter the extremes in our environments.

What external, environmental influences can affect our body temperature?  Obviously, temperature extremes of hot and cold can affect us as well as our exposure to the elements like wind and rain.  If our bodies are wet from rain, being in water, or sweating we will lose heat faster than if we are dry.

Our circulatory system uses water to transport heat throughout our bodies, so our level of hydration is a factor as well.  Just as a tuned-up car works best, our health and the quality of our diet can determine how well our bodies can maintain temperature.  If we are physically exerting ourselves, we will be generating internal heat. 

Our internal regulatory systems will be affected as well if we are taking medications or intoxicants like alcohol, nicotine, or drugs.  These DO NOT warm the body, they cause the body to relax, giving the sensation of warming, but in reality the body is losing heat at a much faster rate.

If the body gets too cold and the temperature drops below 98.6 degrees, it is known as hypothermia.  Symptoms include shivering.  If you are shivering, you are in the first stages of hypothermia.  Other symptoms are slurred speech, apathy, confusion, loss of fine motor skills, difficulty walking or maintaining balance.  As severity increases, skin may turn pale or gray.  Eventually shivering will stop and the internal organs start to shut down.

If the body gets too hot and the temperature rises above 98.6 degrees, it is known as hyperthermia.  Symptoms include thirst, sweating, slurred speech, apathy, confusion, loss of fine motor skills, difficulty walking or maintaining balance, headache, dizziness, and nausea.  As severity increases, there could be vomiting, cramps, rapid pulse and breathing.  Eventually the body stops sweating and the internal organs start to shut down.

Hypothermia and hyperthermia both have different levels of severity and they can both be deadly.  Watch yourself and others for the symptoms and treat as necessary.


  1. EarthquakeFireAccidentSnow StormHurricaneFood
  2. Water
  3. Sanitation
  4. Shelter
  5. First Aid
  6. Cooking
  7. Light
  8. Communication
  9. Personal Items & Clothing
  10. Important Papers & Money

 All ten things need to be planned for, for every emergency, even though these items may apply differently in different situations.


Work Emergency Kit

Work Emergency Kit

Keep this personal emergency kit in a desk, locker or other quick access area to help you survive an emergency until you are able to evacuate and go home.  Make sure your place of business has an emergency plan and additional emergency supplies.

Water

Food

Shelter & Warmth

Cooking

Light

First Aid

Communication

Hygiene & Sanitation

Clothing & Personal Items

Important Papers & Money

  • Emergency & Non-Emergency Numbers
  • Emergency Family Contacts:  Phone, Address & E-mail
  • Home, Work, School, Day Care, Out of Area, Out of State
  • Local Maps with Evacuation Routes, Home, Work, School, Family Meeting Places
  • Currant Copies of Family Photos & IDs
  • Personal Medical Information
  •           Medical Providers
  •           List of Medications
  •           Special Medical Equipment
  •           Medical Conditions
  •           Vaccinations
  •           Blood Type
  •           Allergies & Sensitivities
  •           Health Insurance
  • Emergency Cash
  • Coins for Pay Phones

Kit must be small enough to fit in a desk or locker.

Water

Food

Shelter & Warmth

Cooking

  • Unnecessary

Light

First Aid

Communication

Hygiene & Sanitation

Clothing & Personal Items

Important Papers & Money

  • Child ID Tag with Emergency Contact Info, Family Picture & Medical Info
  • Small Bills & Change


Lightning Hit

How safe is YOUR home?

GENERAL HAZARDS
YES
NO
Are flashlights and spare batteries easily accessible in the event of a power outage?  Flashlights are safer than candles.
Are step stools with handles or ladders used to reach high objects?
Are emergency numbers posted next to every phone? (911, Poison Control 1-800-222-1222, Work, School, Day Care, Out of State Emergency Contact, etc.)
Are there First Aid Kits that are easily identifiable, labeled and easily accessible around the house?  Does everyone know where they are?
Do all responsible people know basic first aid and how and when to use the first aid kits?
Do all responsible people know how and when to use a fire extinguisher?
Are shelves bolted to the wall and items on shelves secured so as not to topple in an earthquake?
Does everyone have their own, personalized, portable 72 Hour Kit stored in an easily accessible location like the front door closet?
Are all emergency kits checked, inventoried and expired items rotated every six months?
Is there enough food and water stored to last everyone in the home a minimum of one month?
Is there a sanitation kit with supplies to last at least a month if the water and sewer are not functioning?
Are there extra blankets and a safe means of warming the home if the power and gas go out?
Is there a family emergency communication plan?  Does everyone have a copy and know how it works?
Are copies (not the originals) of all important documents kept outside the home in a safe deposit box or trusted family member’s safe?
FIRE HAZARDS
Do you keep your lighters and matches locked, out of the reach and sight of children?
Do you keep lighters and matches away from heat sources like stoves or heaters?
Do you make sure lighters, matches, candles and smoking materials are “cold out” before disposing of them, leaving the home or going to bed?
Do you make sure candles are sitting on a non-combustible base and are away from curtains, lamp shades, plants, decorations and children when burning?
Do you have plenty of large non-combustible candle bases or ashtrays in every room?
Is “NO SMOKING IN BED” a rule in your home?
DETECTORS AND DRILLS
Do you have a smoke detector on every floor and inside or near every bedroom properly installed?  Does everyone know what it sounds like?
Do you have a carbon monoxide (CO) detector on every floor properly installed?  Does everyone know what it sounds like?
Do you test your smoke and CO detector monthly and change batteries twice a year?  Are detectors replaced every 10 years?
Do you have a fire extinguisher mounted outside each room that contains a serious heat source? (furnace room, kitchen, water heater, laundry/shop area, etc.)
Do you, your children & babysitter know how and when to call 9-1-1?
Do you have an escape plan from every room in your home?
Have you practiced that escape plan by holding fire drills in your home twice each year?  Have you practiced it at least once while everyone was asleep?
Is there a plan to help young children or the elderly who may sleep through an alarm?  Is a person designated to help?
Does everyone know at least two escape routes from every room?
Do upper floor rooms have an emergency ladder or other means of escape?
Is there a designated place to meet a safe distance from your home?
UTILITIES HAZARDS
Do you allow only qualified electricians to install or repair your wiring?
Do you have enough electrical outlets in every room to avoid the need for multiple plug attachments or long extension cords?
Do responsible people know how to reset breakers or replace fuses?  If you blow fuses or breakers often in your home, you need an electrician.
Are all extension cords in the open — not run under rugs, furniture, over hooks or through partitions or door openings?
Do all outlets and switches have properly fitting face plates?
If there are children, are safety caps installed over electrical outlets?
Are bulbs the correct wattage for the lamps of light fixtures in which they are used?
Too many appliances using the same outlet can cause a fire.  Are outlets used properly?  Are surge protectors used?
Do you have your heating system inspected and serviced before heating season begins?
Do you have all flue pipes, vent connectors, gas vents and chimneys inspected each fall and cleaned and repaired if necessary?
Are wood floors under stoves and heaters protected by insulation or ventilated airspace?
Do you always turn off portable or gas heaters when you go to bed?
Do you always keep a window slightly open in rooms where gas or oil heaters are being used?
Is the water heater set to 120º F or below to prevent scalding?
Is the water heater securely mounted to wall studs with sturdy earthquake straps and connected with a flexible gas hose?
Do all responsible people know how, when and where to turn off main water, gas and electricity to the house?
KITCHEN HAZARDS
Are loose clothing, curtains, potholders or other combustibles near cooking ranges or heating equipment arranged so as to not fall or blow over the heat source?
Do you keep your range, its oven and broiler, clean of grease?
Has everyone been warned not to wear loose-fitting clothing near a kitchen range?  Loose garments may catch on fire.
Are pot holders used when cooking?
Are children kept away from the range when cooking?
Do all appliances have an Underwriters Laboratories (UL) mark or stamp?
Are dangerous products labeled and stored in different areas from food, beverages and medicines?
If there are children, are product safety caps and cupboard locks used?
Are cupboard locks used to prevent cupboards from opening in the event of an earthquake?
Is heated food temperature tested before given to young children?
BATHROOM HAZARDS
Are there non-slip surfaces or adhesive strips in bathtubs and showers?
If there are elderly or disabled, are grab bars installed near toilets and in bathtubs and showers?
Do bath mats have non-slip bottoms?
Are bathroom floors kept clean and dry?
Are there nightlights in bathrooms?
When children use the sink or tub, is an adult within arms reach?
If there are children, are toilet seat locks properly installed?
Are medicines and cleaners kept in their original containers with labels and kept separate from each other?
If there are children, are medicines, cosmetics and cleaners locked in cabinets?
Are electrical appliances kept away from water and unplugged and put away after using?
Do all electrical outlets in bathrooms and near water use a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) to prevent shock?
DOOR AND WINDOW HAZARDS
   
Do all exterior doors and windows have locks?    
Do windows and doors unlock and open easily from the inside?    
Do “dead-bolt” locks have a “thumb-turn”, not a “key” inside lock?  A missing key could trap you inside.    
Are all doors and windows kept locked when not in use?    
Are windows made of tempered safety glass?    
Do security bars have an inside release latch?  Does everyone know how to use it?    
Are window blind cords up high out of reach of children?    
Window blind cords should not have a loop.  Has the loop been cut in two pieces?    
If there are children, do upper windows have window guards to prevent falling out?    
STAIR AND HALLWAY HAZARDS
   
Are stairs, doorways and escape routes kept clear?    
Are rugs and carpets secured to the floor or removed?    
Are stairways adequately lit at the top and bottom?    
Are there nightlights and emergency lights in hallways and along emergency escape routes?    
If there are children, are there gates at the top and bottom of stair cases?
Do hand rails go completely from the top to the bottom of the stairs?
Are shelves bolted to the wall and items on shelves secured so as not to topple in an earthquake?
HOME OFFICE HAZARDS
Is home office equipment unplugged when not in use?
Is home office equipment and supplies out of children’s reach or safely locked away?
Does the paper shredder have safety features and is it unplugged when not in use?
Are file cabinet drawers kept closed when not in use?
Are shelves bolted to the wall and items on shelves secured so as not to topple in an earthquake?
Is a smoke detector installed and checked regularly?
Are emergency numbers posted by the phone?
YARD & GARAGE HAZARDS
   
Do you keep your yard cleared of leaves, debris, and combustible rubbish?
If any of the surrounding property is vacant, have weeds, dry leaves, and rubbish been cleared away?
If your garage is attached to the house, is there a tight-fitting door which is always kept closed?
Is gasoline only used as a fuel for motors?
Is gasoline stored in a container that is designed specifically for gasoline and stored out of sight and out of reach of children?
Do you warn your family never to use gasoline, benzene or other flammable fluids carelessly near visible or hidden open flame or for cleaning?
Are children kept away from BBQ grills during cooking?
Are gas BBQ grills checked for leaks before each use and stored with the gas disconnected after each use?
Do swimming pools have a fence with a self-locking gate?
Are adults always present when children are in or near water?
Are large buckets stored upside down so as not to collect water?
Are stairs, porches and walkways well lit?
Do stairs have hand rails?
Are ladders put away, locked and stored on their side so children cannot climb on them and intruders cannot use them?
Are stairs kept clear of tripping hazards?
If there are young children, is a safety gate used to prevent falls from the deck or porch?
Is there 9 to 12 inches of mulch, wood chips or safety material under playground equipment?
Are tools, chemicals, car fluids, pesticides and lawn and garden products put away after use and kept out of reach and out of sight of children?
Is garden equipment stored where children cannot reach it?
Are sharp tools stored pointing downward?
Are shelves bolted to the wall and items on shelves secured so as not to topple in an earthquake?
Is the garage clean from dust, webs and trash, which can interfere with the electrical system?
Does the automatic garage door opener have an auto-reverse feature that prevents trapping people or pets?
Do garage and shed doors have locks?  Are they used?
Are tools, toys and equipment not left in the yard where they can be stolen or be possible hazards in an emergency?
Are electric generators, BBQ grills and gas powered tools only used outside?
Is the house number visible from the street, day and night?
Much of the information was obtained from http://www.homesafetycouncil.org
http://www.survivalsolutions.com

WaterWilderness Breakdown
Food
Shelter & Warmth
Cooking
Light
First Aid
Communication
Hygiene & Sanitation
Clothing & Personal Items
Important Papers & Money
  • Emergency & Non-Emergency Numbers
  • Emergency Family Contacts:  Phone, Address & E-mail
  • Home, Work, School, Day Care, Out of Area, Out of State
  • Local Maps with Evacuation Routes, Home, Work, School, Family Meeting Places
  • Currant Copies of Family Photos & IDs
  • Personal Medical Information
  •           Medical Providers
  •           List of Medications
  •           Special Medical Equipment
  •           Medical Conditions
  •           Vaccinations
  •           Blood Type
  •           Allergies & Sensitivities
  •           Health Insurance
  • Emergency Cash
  • Coins for Pay Phones
Auto Kit Specifics