Posts Tagged ‘important infomation’


  1. EarthquakeFireAccidentSnow StormHurricaneFood
  2. Water
  3. Sanitation
  4. Shelter
  5. First Aid
  6. Cooking
  7. Light
  8. Communication
  9. Personal Items & Clothing
  10. Important Papers & Money

 All ten things need to be planned for, for every emergency, even though these items may apply differently in different situations.

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Lightning Hit

How safe is YOUR home?

GENERAL HAZARDS
YES
NO
Are flashlights and spare batteries easily accessible in the event of a power outage?  Flashlights are safer than candles.
Are step stools with handles or ladders used to reach high objects?
Are emergency numbers posted next to every phone? (911, Poison Control 1-800-222-1222, Work, School, Day Care, Out of State Emergency Contact, etc.)
Are there First Aid Kits that are easily identifiable, labeled and easily accessible around the house?  Does everyone know where they are?
Do all responsible people know basic first aid and how and when to use the first aid kits?
Do all responsible people know how and when to use a fire extinguisher?
Are shelves bolted to the wall and items on shelves secured so as not to topple in an earthquake?
Does everyone have their own, personalized, portable 72 Hour Kit stored in an easily accessible location like the front door closet?
Are all emergency kits checked, inventoried and expired items rotated every six months?
Is there enough food and water stored to last everyone in the home a minimum of one month?
Is there a sanitation kit with supplies to last at least a month if the water and sewer are not functioning?
Are there extra blankets and a safe means of warming the home if the power and gas go out?
Is there a family emergency communication plan?  Does everyone have a copy and know how it works?
Are copies (not the originals) of all important documents kept outside the home in a safe deposit box or trusted family member’s safe?
FIRE HAZARDS
Do you keep your lighters and matches locked, out of the reach and sight of children?
Do you keep lighters and matches away from heat sources like stoves or heaters?
Do you make sure lighters, matches, candles and smoking materials are “cold out” before disposing of them, leaving the home or going to bed?
Do you make sure candles are sitting on a non-combustible base and are away from curtains, lamp shades, plants, decorations and children when burning?
Do you have plenty of large non-combustible candle bases or ashtrays in every room?
Is “NO SMOKING IN BED” a rule in your home?
DETECTORS AND DRILLS
Do you have a smoke detector on every floor and inside or near every bedroom properly installed?  Does everyone know what it sounds like?
Do you have a carbon monoxide (CO) detector on every floor properly installed?  Does everyone know what it sounds like?
Do you test your smoke and CO detector monthly and change batteries twice a year?  Are detectors replaced every 10 years?
Do you have a fire extinguisher mounted outside each room that contains a serious heat source? (furnace room, kitchen, water heater, laundry/shop area, etc.)
Do you, your children & babysitter know how and when to call 9-1-1?
Do you have an escape plan from every room in your home?
Have you practiced that escape plan by holding fire drills in your home twice each year?  Have you practiced it at least once while everyone was asleep?
Is there a plan to help young children or the elderly who may sleep through an alarm?  Is a person designated to help?
Does everyone know at least two escape routes from every room?
Do upper floor rooms have an emergency ladder or other means of escape?
Is there a designated place to meet a safe distance from your home?
UTILITIES HAZARDS
Do you allow only qualified electricians to install or repair your wiring?
Do you have enough electrical outlets in every room to avoid the need for multiple plug attachments or long extension cords?
Do responsible people know how to reset breakers or replace fuses?  If you blow fuses or breakers often in your home, you need an electrician.
Are all extension cords in the open — not run under rugs, furniture, over hooks or through partitions or door openings?
Do all outlets and switches have properly fitting face plates?
If there are children, are safety caps installed over electrical outlets?
Are bulbs the correct wattage for the lamps of light fixtures in which they are used?
Too many appliances using the same outlet can cause a fire.  Are outlets used properly?  Are surge protectors used?
Do you have your heating system inspected and serviced before heating season begins?
Do you have all flue pipes, vent connectors, gas vents and chimneys inspected each fall and cleaned and repaired if necessary?
Are wood floors under stoves and heaters protected by insulation or ventilated airspace?
Do you always turn off portable or gas heaters when you go to bed?
Do you always keep a window slightly open in rooms where gas or oil heaters are being used?
Is the water heater set to 120º F or below to prevent scalding?
Is the water heater securely mounted to wall studs with sturdy earthquake straps and connected with a flexible gas hose?
Do all responsible people know how, when and where to turn off main water, gas and electricity to the house?
KITCHEN HAZARDS
Are loose clothing, curtains, potholders or other combustibles near cooking ranges or heating equipment arranged so as to not fall or blow over the heat source?
Do you keep your range, its oven and broiler, clean of grease?
Has everyone been warned not to wear loose-fitting clothing near a kitchen range?  Loose garments may catch on fire.
Are pot holders used when cooking?
Are children kept away from the range when cooking?
Do all appliances have an Underwriters Laboratories (UL) mark or stamp?
Are dangerous products labeled and stored in different areas from food, beverages and medicines?
If there are children, are product safety caps and cupboard locks used?
Are cupboard locks used to prevent cupboards from opening in the event of an earthquake?
Is heated food temperature tested before given to young children?
BATHROOM HAZARDS
Are there non-slip surfaces or adhesive strips in bathtubs and showers?
If there are elderly or disabled, are grab bars installed near toilets and in bathtubs and showers?
Do bath mats have non-slip bottoms?
Are bathroom floors kept clean and dry?
Are there nightlights in bathrooms?
When children use the sink or tub, is an adult within arms reach?
If there are children, are toilet seat locks properly installed?
Are medicines and cleaners kept in their original containers with labels and kept separate from each other?
If there are children, are medicines, cosmetics and cleaners locked in cabinets?
Are electrical appliances kept away from water and unplugged and put away after using?
Do all electrical outlets in bathrooms and near water use a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) to prevent shock?
DOOR AND WINDOW HAZARDS
   
Do all exterior doors and windows have locks?    
Do windows and doors unlock and open easily from the inside?    
Do “dead-bolt” locks have a “thumb-turn”, not a “key” inside lock?  A missing key could trap you inside.    
Are all doors and windows kept locked when not in use?    
Are windows made of tempered safety glass?    
Do security bars have an inside release latch?  Does everyone know how to use it?    
Are window blind cords up high out of reach of children?    
Window blind cords should not have a loop.  Has the loop been cut in two pieces?    
If there are children, do upper windows have window guards to prevent falling out?    
STAIR AND HALLWAY HAZARDS
   
Are stairs, doorways and escape routes kept clear?    
Are rugs and carpets secured to the floor or removed?    
Are stairways adequately lit at the top and bottom?    
Are there nightlights and emergency lights in hallways and along emergency escape routes?    
If there are children, are there gates at the top and bottom of stair cases?
Do hand rails go completely from the top to the bottom of the stairs?
Are shelves bolted to the wall and items on shelves secured so as not to topple in an earthquake?
HOME OFFICE HAZARDS
Is home office equipment unplugged when not in use?
Is home office equipment and supplies out of children’s reach or safely locked away?
Does the paper shredder have safety features and is it unplugged when not in use?
Are file cabinet drawers kept closed when not in use?
Are shelves bolted to the wall and items on shelves secured so as not to topple in an earthquake?
Is a smoke detector installed and checked regularly?
Are emergency numbers posted by the phone?
YARD & GARAGE HAZARDS
   
Do you keep your yard cleared of leaves, debris, and combustible rubbish?
If any of the surrounding property is vacant, have weeds, dry leaves, and rubbish been cleared away?
If your garage is attached to the house, is there a tight-fitting door which is always kept closed?
Is gasoline only used as a fuel for motors?
Is gasoline stored in a container that is designed specifically for gasoline and stored out of sight and out of reach of children?
Do you warn your family never to use gasoline, benzene or other flammable fluids carelessly near visible or hidden open flame or for cleaning?
Are children kept away from BBQ grills during cooking?
Are gas BBQ grills checked for leaks before each use and stored with the gas disconnected after each use?
Do swimming pools have a fence with a self-locking gate?
Are adults always present when children are in or near water?
Are large buckets stored upside down so as not to collect water?
Are stairs, porches and walkways well lit?
Do stairs have hand rails?
Are ladders put away, locked and stored on their side so children cannot climb on them and intruders cannot use them?
Are stairs kept clear of tripping hazards?
If there are young children, is a safety gate used to prevent falls from the deck or porch?
Is there 9 to 12 inches of mulch, wood chips or safety material under playground equipment?
Are tools, chemicals, car fluids, pesticides and lawn and garden products put away after use and kept out of reach and out of sight of children?
Is garden equipment stored where children cannot reach it?
Are sharp tools stored pointing downward?
Are shelves bolted to the wall and items on shelves secured so as not to topple in an earthquake?
Is the garage clean from dust, webs and trash, which can interfere with the electrical system?
Does the automatic garage door opener have an auto-reverse feature that prevents trapping people or pets?
Do garage and shed doors have locks?  Are they used?
Are tools, toys and equipment not left in the yard where they can be stolen or be possible hazards in an emergency?
Are electric generators, BBQ grills and gas powered tools only used outside?
Is the house number visible from the street, day and night?
Much of the information was obtained from http://www.homesafetycouncil.org
http://www.survivalsolutions.com

WaterWilderness Breakdown
Food
Shelter & Warmth
Cooking
Light
First Aid
Communication
Hygiene & Sanitation
Clothing & Personal Items
Important Papers & Money
  • Emergency & Non-Emergency Numbers
  • Emergency Family Contacts:  Phone, Address & E-mail
  • Home, Work, School, Day Care, Out of Area, Out of State
  • Local Maps with Evacuation Routes, Home, Work, School, Family Meeting Places
  • Currant Copies of Family Photos & IDs
  • Personal Medical Information
  •           Medical Providers
  •           List of Medications
  •           Special Medical Equipment
  •           Medical Conditions
  •           Vaccinations
  •           Blood Type
  •           Allergies & Sensitivities
  •           Health Insurance
  • Emergency Cash
  • Coins for Pay Phones
Auto Kit Specifics

72 Hour Kit

72 Hour Kit

 

72 Hour Kit Rules: 

  1. One personalized, self-contained kit per person
  2. Individually Portable
  3. Store for easy, quick access – Closet near front door is ideal
  4. Update every 6 months
  5.           Summer clothes to winter clothes, winter clothes to summer clothes
  6.           Check medications
  7.           Check food
  8.           Check water
  9.           Check batteries
  10.           Check cooking fuel
  11.           Check inventory
  12.           Update documents
  13. All 10 survival needs, but only the basics:  Food, Water, Hygiene & Sanitation, Shelter & Heat, Cooking, Light, Communication, First Aid, Personal Items & Clothing, Important Papers & Money
  14. Know how to use items in kits
  15. This list is more than can probably fit in your 72 Hour Kit.  Take the items from each of the 10 areas that are most important to your personal needs.  Bold items are recommended.
  16. Practice Evacuation with your family

 

*Baby Needs

**Store outside of pack, but in same location

***Don’t forget 

Container

Backpack, Duffle Bag, 5 Gallon Bucket with lid or other Portable Container

Small enough to fit in your lap.  Approx. carry-on luggage size. 

Food 

Ready to Eat & Simple Preparation

  • Instant Soup Packets
  • Ramen Soup  
  • MRE Bread
  • Granola Bars
  • Instant Oatmeal Packets
  • Instant Apple Cider Packets
  • Instant Hot Chocolate Packets
  • Instant Broth Packets
  • Water Bottle Flavor Packets 
  • Fruit Cup
  • Raisins
  • Beef Jerky
  • Trail Mix
  • Fruit Roll-up
  • Crackers & Peanut Butter
  • Peanut Butter/Jelly Packets
  • Hard Candy
  • Emergency Ration/Energy Bars 
  • Multi Vitamins
  • *Liquid Vitamins 
  • *Powdered Baby Formula 
  • *Baby Cereal 
  • Paper Copy of Planned 3 Day Menu

SAMPLE MENU:

DAY 1 

Breakfast – Granola, Hot Chocolate 

Lunch – Chicken Noodle Soup, Jerky, Fruit Roll up, Candy 

Dinner – 1/2 Ramen Noodle Soup, Fruit Bar 

DAY 2

Breakfast – Oatmeal, Apple Cider 

Lunch – Chicken Noodle Soup, Jerky, Raisins, Candy 

Dinner – Peanut Butter/Jelly, MRE Bread 

DAY 3 

Breakfast – Granola, Apple Cider 

Lunch – 1/2 Ramen Noodle Soup, Trail Mix, Candy 

Dinner – Cheese & Crackers, Fruit Cup 

Water

Hygiene & Sanitation

Travel Size

Shelter & Heat

Cooking

Light

Communication

First Aid

Personal Items & Clothing

  • Multifunction Pocket Knife
  • Compass
  • Personal Prescription Medications
  • Diabetic Supplies 
  • Epinephrine Pen 
  • Complete Change of Clothing Incl. Socks & Underwear
  • Thermal Underwear 
  • *2 or 3 Complete Changes of Clothing 
  • **Sturdy Shoes or Boots
  • Extra Shoe Laces 
  • Bandana 
  • Paper Clips 
  • Rubber Bands 
  • Ear Plugs
  • **Coat/Hat/ Gloves-Mittens 
  • Small Games/Cards/Books
  • *Toy/Coloring Book/Crayons 
  • Extra Glasses/Contacts 
  • Polarized Sunglasses 
  • Mace/Pepper Spray 
  • *Baby Bib 
  • Religious Items (ie. scriptures, consecrated oil, cross) 
  • 100 Foot Nylon Clothesline 
  • Small Roll Duct Tape 
  • Small Wind-up Clock or Watch w/ Alarm 
  • Extra House & Car Keys 
  • ***Mobile Phone & Chargers 
  • ***Pets 
  • ***Pet 72 Hour Kit 

Important Papers & Money

  • 72 Hour Kit Inventory List
  • Emergency Contact List w/ Names, Addresses, Phone #s & E-mails of all Family Members for Home, Work, School & Day Care
  • Address, Phone# & E-mail of 1st & 2nd Family Emergency Meeting Places
  • Local Emergency Phone #s – Police, Fire, Ambulance, Poison Control, Family Doctor, Dentist,  Religious Leaders
  • Local Map with Home, Work, Schools, Em. Mtg. Places & Evacuation Routes Marked
  • Minimum $200 Cash in Small Bills
  • $10 in Change
  • Prepaid Phone Card
  • **Written Evacuation Plan
  • Current Individual Photos of Family Members for ID Purposes (“Has anyone seen this person?”)
  • Current Group Family Photos to ID as Family Group
  • Copies of– Printed Copy and/or Flash Drive
  •           Marriage Certificate
  •           Birth Certificate
  •           Social Security Card/Records
  •           Vehicle Registration/Title
  •           Will
  •           Guardianship
  •           Power of Attorney
  •           Personal Property Inventory List
  •           Insurance Agent & Policy #
  •           Life
  •           Auto
  •           Home
  •           Medical
  •           Diplomas
  •           Military
  •           School Certificates
  •           Immunization Records
  •           Prescriptions
  •           Budget
  •           Bills
  •           Outstanding Debts
  •           Checking/Savings/Credit Card Accounts
  •           Web Site Accounts
  •           Passwords
  •           Safe-Deposit Box Location & Number
  •           Assets
  •           Stocks
  •           Bonds
  •           Tax Returns
  •           Children’s Fingerprints
  •           Religious Documents (ie. Blessings, Prayers)
  • ***Wallet/Purse
  • ***Passport
  • ***Checkbook 

Take only if time & space are available

These items are NOT a part of your 72 Hour Kit     


  • Before
  1. Learn & Plan
  2. Prepare
  3. Practice
  • During
  1. Remain Calm
  2. Gather Information
  3. Think
  4. Act
  5. Help
  • After
  1. Help
  2. Talk About It
  3. Resume Normal Life

Once an emergency happens, other than staying calm, the first thing we need to do is gather information.   Quickly gather as much information as possible about the situation.

What we need to know

WHAT IS THE EMERGENCY?  Nothing is scarier than facing an unknown threat.  The more you know what you are facing, the better you will be able to respond to the situation.  The noise that woke you up, is it an earthquake?  An intruder?  A house fire?

WHAT SIZE IS THE EMERGENCY?  Is it just affecting you?  Your family?  Your neighborhood?  City?  State? Nation?

WHAT AREAS ARE AFFECTED? Is it in our room or the basement?  Our house or the neighbors? Our neighborhood or three blocks north?  Which city?  Which state?  Nation?

HOW SEVERE IS THE EMERGENCY?  Is it a category 1 tornado or a 5?  Is it a 2.5 scaled earthquake or an 8.5?  Is it a first degree burn or a third?  Heart burn or a heart attack?

HOW MUCH TIME DO I HAVE TO RESPOND?  Do I have seconds to escape my burning house?  Is there minutes before the tornado arrives?  Do I have hours before the wildfire reaches my house?  Days before the hurricane arrives?

WHAT IS THE ESTIMATED DURATION OF THE EMERGENCY?  Minutes?  Hours?  Days?  Weeks?  Longer?

WHAT DO COMMUNITY LEADERS AND EMERGENCY RESPONDERS WANT US TO DO?  Do they need volunteers?  Do we evacuate or shelter in place?  If we evacuate, which route do we take?  Is it safe to drink the incoming water?

WHAT IS THE STATUS OF MY FAMILY MEMBERS?  Are the kids at school?  How are they?  Are they sheltering at the school or are they coming home?  Can Mom and Dad make it home from work?  Are they ok?  Is Fido still in the backyard?

WHAT IS THE STATUS OF MY NEIGHBORS?  Does the old couple across the street need help?  How about the single mother of 4 two houses down?

How we gather information

What’s the first source of emergency information you think of?  Probably the Emergency Alert System (EAS).  The EAS was created from the old national Emergency Broadcast System (EBS) that was developed during the cold war to alert in case of a nuclear attack.  The EAS is now used and controlled in your local area to alert in time of emergencies, natural and manmade.  It is also used for Amber Alerts.  All television and radio stations are required by the FCC to broadcast EAS alerts in the event of an emergency.  Be aware that oftentimes news organizations are more concerned with being first with information than being accurate with information.  If possible, use more than one or two sources to get a more complete picture of what is happening.  Have a battery operated radio you can use if the power goes out.  Also listen to the Nation Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather channels.  An emergency alert radio that automatically turns on in the event of an emergency is a good safe guard for your family.

If there is time, local authorities and police may drive down the streets broadcasting the emergency information through loud speakers or going door to door.

Some communities even have what is called “Reverse 911”.  Instead of YOU calling emergency dispatch, an automated message is sent from dispatch to all the land phones in the affected area.  Mobile phones and unlisted phones are not called unless users signup to be part of the service.

On a personal level, we have five senses to help us gather information as well.  Look around and SEE what is going on.  LISTEN not only to the radio and television, but to family members and neighbors.  Listen for sounds that may signal impending dangers.  SMELL can sometimes tell us about hazards, like natural gas leaks, that may be difficult to see or hear.  Our sense of TOUCH can tell us if a door is warm, signifying fire on the other side; or if a piece of debris on the ground may not be stable to stand on.  TASTE can tell us if water or food is not safe to consume.

There are many ways to gather information in an emergency.  Use as many as you are able to, as quickly as possible so you know what you are facing and how to respond.


Gather emergency supplies

Gather emergency supplies

  • Before
  1. Learn & Plan
  2. Prepare
  3. Practice
  • During
  1. Remain Calm
  2. Gather Information
  3. Think
  4. Act
  5. Help
  • After
  1. Help
  2. Talk About It
  3. Resume Normal Life

Getting ready for an emergency is about 90% mental and 10% having stuff.  But, after we have learned about the possible emergencies we could face and how we can respond to them, we need to get our PHYSICAL preparations in order.  We don’t stop learning, but now we at least have a basic knowledge of what we need, when and where we need it and how to use it.

Start gathering your emergency supplies.

Much of your basic emergency supplies may already be found in your home.  From camping gear, cooking utensils, pantry stores and that pile of stuff in the garage that you need to go through.  It is important to get these things organized and even listed so you know where they are and if they even still work.

Let’s start by talking about WHERE you will need emergency supplies.  The answer is anywhere you may be when confronted by an emergency.  How much of your time do you spend at home? At work?  At school?  In the car? Any place you spend time you should have emergency supplies.  The kind of supplies and the amount will depend on your storage space and needs for the area.  Car emergency kits are different than your work emergency kit or your home emergency supplies.

For a list of items for different kits, see the PAGES link at the left.

72 Hour Kit

The first item to prepare is your 72 Hour Kit.  Whether you are evacuating or sheltering in your home, a 72 hour kit is three full days worth of everything you need to survive.  Make sure THIS kit is complete before working on the others.

Some rules to consider when buying or building your 72 hour kits are as follows:

One personalized, self contained kit per person.  Some places will sell you kits for two, three, four or more people in one bag.  But what if you get separated?  One person has everything, everyone else has nothing.  Adults, children and infants need to have their own, separate kits.  Infants obviously won’t carry their own kits, but it needs to be separate so it can go where the infant goes.  Children can’t carry as much as a full grown adult, which leads to the next point…

Kits need to be individually portable.  Each person needs to be able to carry or transport their own kit whether it’s a backpack, duffle bag, bucket or wheeled suitcase.  You need to cover all TEN AREAS OF EMERGENCY PRPAREDNESS, (SEE Self Reliance) but only the basics.  It needs to be light enough for children or physically impaired people to be able to carry or roll on their own.

Limit the size of your kit to the same as a piece of carry-on luggage.  Depending on the situation, if your kit is too big it may be left behind to allow another person on the evacuation vehicle.  It needs to be small enough to fit on your lap.

Store the kit for easy, quick access.  If your 72 hour kit is the one thing you grab as you’re running out the door, other than your family, it can’t be down in the basement, hiding behind the Christmas decorations.  It needs to be near an exit.  A closet near front door is ideal.

Finally, update the contents of your kit every 6 months.  Go through the inventory list and make sure everything is still there and still functioning.  Rotate your food, water, batteries and medicines.  Make sure clothing still fits.  Update important documents.

Food & Water Storage

After your 72 hour kits are in order, work on your food and water storage.  Start with two weeks of water and one month of food.  Build up to a month of water and three months of food.  Always remember to “Eat what you store and store what you eat” so your food supplies are not wasted.

When storing anything from food and water to batteries and medications, remember to always keep it cool, dark & dry.  This prolongs shelf life for as long as possible.

Important Information

In all of your emergency kits you will need copies of your important information.  This includes identifications, insurance policies, emergency contact information, current family photos, diplomas and other certificates, birth certificates, wedding licenses, legal documents, account information, etc.

It’s also a good idea to have cash in small bills for when the ATMs and credit card readers don’t work.

Fuel

Store fuel.  Gasoline for the car and generator, wood for the fire place, propane for the stove and heaters.  Keep different kinds of fuel, don’t rely on just one.  Find out local laws on how much, where and how to store fuel.

Sanitation

Also remember your family’s sanitation needs.  Put together a portable sanitation kit and include a privacy shelter.  Have a safe way of disposing of garbage and biological waste.  Also have a means for washing people, clothes and dishes.

Build your car and work emergency kits and STORE THEM WHERE THEY BELONG.  Auto survival kits won’t do you any good if they are left in the garage; work survival kits won’t save your life or the life of a coworker if left at home.

It sounds like a lot of work, but do a piece at a time and make emergency preparedness a priority.  If you do, you won’t be part of the problem, you will be part of the solution.